Home>> Let's Talk Hydraulics>> Checking Accumulator Pre-Charge>>
InsaneHydraulics - Sergiy Sydorenko 2009-2010 All Ridghts Reserved
The Simple Test
The Most Basic Basics
Let's Talk Hydraulics
Back-Engineer This!
News Archive
HomeIntroductionThe Simple TestThe Most Basic BasicsLet's Talk HydraulicsBack-Engineer This!BattlefieldKaboomLibraryNews ArchiveBla-BlaimerContactsGuestbook |
    From time to time every hydraulic shop "confronts" an accumulator bearing an "exclusive" gas charge port. Although most of the hydraulic population already know how to deal with the "outstandarted", I still occasionally see puzzled faces when there's a need to check the pre-charge pressure of such an outcast. With most accumulators the reading is simple - you use the normal charge kit. But what if you don't have the necessary accessory to couple to the gas charge port?

    Well, it is not difficult at all! The easiest way is to install  a pressure gauge into the accumulator feed line, then to pressurize the accumulator to the point when some oil gets in, and then to drain the oil SLOWLY while constantly monitoring the pressure gauge. When the bladder fully expands and the oil flow from the accumulator stops, there's an abrupt pressure drop in the feed line (most easily seen on a needle-type gauge). The pressure drop point indicates approximately the pre-charge pressure.

    Often it is possible to perform this pre-charge check without dismounting the accumulator from the machine, as normally the accumulator can be pressurized by the system pressure, and the manual safety discharge valve (when equipped with one) can be conveniently used for the "slow depressurization" purposes. If you are lucky enough, the accumulator line will have a test port already installed. If it does, pinch yourself to make sure you are not dreaming... (this is my way of saying that hydraulic installations should have pressure test ports installed during the construction, test couplings are NOT a waste of money, people!!!)

   Another advantage of this method is its non-invasive nature, which can make a difference for very small accumulators, which loose relatively large part of pre-charge every time a direct gas pressure measurement is performed.

    Although this method doesn't provide reading accuracy of direct gas pressure measurement, it is 99 times of 100 accurate enough .
    This short video is just a workshop example of how it's done.